mrcal-show-projection-diff - Visualize the difference in projection between N models

```
$ mrcal-show-projection-diff before.cameramodel after.cameramodel
... a plot pops up showing how these two models differ in their projections
```

The operation of this tool is documented at

`L<http://mrcal.secretsauce.net/differencing.html>`

This tool visualizes the results of mrcal.projection_diff()

It is often useful to compare the projection behavior of two camera models. For instance, one may want to validate a calibration by comparing the results of two different chessboard dances. Or one may want to evaluate the stability of the intrinsics in response to mechanical or thermal stresses. This tool makes these comparisons, and produces a visualization of the results.

In the most common case we're given exactly 2 models to compare. We then display the projection difference as either a vector field or a heat map. If we're given more than 2 models, then a vector field isn't possible and we instead display as a heatmap the standard deviation of the differences between models 1..N and model0.

The top-level operation of this tool:

- Grid the imager - Unproject each point in the grid using one camera model - Apply a transformation to map this point from one camera's coord system to the other. How we obtain this transformation is described below - Project the transformed points to the other camera - Look at the resulting pixel difference in the reprojection

Several arguments control how we obtain the transformation. Top-level logic:

```
if --intrinsics-only:
Rt10 = identity_Rt()
else:
if --radius 0:
Rt10 = relative_extrinsics(models)
else:
Rt10 = implied_Rt10__from_unprojections()
```

The details of how the comparison is computed, and the meaning of

controlling this, are in the docstring of mrcal.projection_diff().

`models Camera models to diff`

```
-h, --help show this help message and exit
--gridn GRIDN GRIDN How densely we should sample the imager. By default we
use a 60x40 grid
--distance DISTANCE Has an effect only without --intrinsics-only. The
projection difference varies depending on the range to
the observed world points, with the queried range set
in this argument. If omitted we look out to infinity.
We can also fit multiple distances at the same time by
passing them here in a comma-separated, whitespace-
less list. If multiple distances are given, we fit the
implied-by-the-intrinsics transformation using ALL the
distances, but we display the difference for the FIRST
distance given.
--intrinsics-only If given, we evaluate the intrinsics of each lens in
isolation by assuming that the coordinate systems of
each camera line up exactly
--where WHERE WHERE Center of the region of interest for this diff. Used
only without --intrinsics-only and without "--radius
0". It is usually impossible for the models to match
everywhere, but focusing on a particular area can work
better. The implied transformation will be fit to
match as large as possible an area centered on this
argument. If omitted, we will focus on the center of
the imager
--radius RADIUS Radius of the region of interest. If ==0, we do NOT
fit an implied transformation at all, but use the
transformations in the models. If omitted or <0, we
use a "reasonable" value: the whole imager if we're
using uncertainties, or min(width,height)/6 if --no-
uncertainties. To fit with data across the whole
imager in either case, pass in a very large radius
--observations If given, I show where the chessboard corners were
observed at calibration time. These should correspond
to the low-diff regions.
--valid-intrinsics-region
If given, I overlay the valid-intrinsics regions onto
the plot
--cbmax CBMAX Maximum range of the colorbar
--title TITLE Title string for the plot. Overrides the default
title. Exclusive with --extratitle
--extratitle EXTRATITLE
Additional string for the plot to append to the
default title. Exclusive with --title
--vectorfield Plot the diff as a vector field instead of as a heat
map. The vector field contains more information
(magnitude AND direction), but is less clear at a
glance
--vectorscale VECTORSCALE
If plotting a vectorfield, scale all the vectors by
this factor. Useful to improve legibility if the
vectors are too small to see
--directions If given, the plots are color-coded by the direction
of the error, instead of the magnitude
--no-uncertainties Used only without --intrinsics-only and without "--
radius 0". By default we use the uncertainties in the
model to weigh the fit. This will focus the fit on the
confident region in the models without --where or
--radius. The computation will run faster with --no-
uncertainties, but the default --where and --radius
may need to be adjusted
--hardcopy HARDCOPY Write the output to disk, instead of making an
interactive plot
--terminal TERMINAL gnuplotlib terminal. The default is good almost
always, so most people don't need this option
--set SET Extra 'set' directives to gnuplotlib. Can be given
multiple times
--unset UNSET Extra 'unset' directives to gnuplotlib. Can be given
multiple times
```

https://www.github.com/dkogan/mrcal

Dima Kogan, `<dima@secretsauce.net>`

Copyright (c) 2017-2023 California Institute of Technology ("Caltech"). U.S. Government sponsorship acknowledged. All rights reserved.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); You may obtain a copy of the License at

`http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0`